In agile software development, a sprint is a time-boxed event (usually two to four weeks) during which a specific set of work, known as the sprint backlog, is completed. The sprint backlog is a list of tasks that the development team has committed to completing during the sprint.
So who determines how this work is performed? The short answer is: the development team.
In an agile environment, the development team is self-organizing, meaning that they have the autonomy to determine how they will complete the work they have committed to. This includes deciding on the best tools, techniques, and processes to use.
However, the development team is not working in a vacuum. They are part of a larger agile ecosystem, which includes the product owner, the scrum master, and any stakeholders who are involved in the project.
The product owner is responsible for defining and prioritizing the work that needs to be done. They work closely with the development team to understand the feasibility and complexity of each task, and they adjust the sprint backlog as needed to ensure that the team is working on the most valuable tasks first.
The scrum master is responsible for supporting the development team and removing any obstacles that may be preventing them from completing their work. They also facilitate communication and collaboration between the development team and the product owner.
Stakeholders may include customers, end users, or other scrum teams within the organization who are impacted by the work being done during the sprint. These stakeholders may provide input and feedback to the development team, but ultimately, it is up to the team to determine how to incorporate this feedback into their work.
In summary, while the development team has the autonomy to determine how work is performed during the sprint, they do so with the guidance and input of the product owner, scrum master, and any relevant stakeholders. This collaborative approach helps to ensure that the team is focusing on the most valuable tasks and delivering the best possible results