Scrum Methodology: Everything You Need to Know

Ruth Hadari
Ruth Hadari
Agile Advocate, Engineering Ops Expert
Posted on
Sep 28, 2022
Updated on
Mar 26, 2023
Table of Content

When it comes to Agile project management, there are a variety of methodologies to choose from. Scrum is one of the most popular, and for a good reason: it's simple enough that anyone can learn it but has enough flexibility to be tailored to various projects. This post will look at what makes Scrum methodology so powerful, and share some essential information about its applications.

What is Scrum Methodology?

Scrum is an iterative and incremental Agile software development framework for managing product development. It defines "a flexible, holistic product development strategy where a development team works as a unit to deliver incremental value in the form of working software." 

Scrum is one of the most popular Agile frameworks in use today and is often thought of as a subset of Agile methodology. The core concepts of Scrum are iteration, delivery, and review. The main aim of Scrum is to deliver working software to the customer at the end of each iteration, commonly known as Sprint. 

The Scrum methodology is a system for managing work on complex projects. It is characterized by short, iterative work cycles (called Sprints), tight collaboration between team members, and constant adaptability to change. 

The Scrum framework helps teams break down projects into manageable pieces, track progress, and make necessary adjustments. While it was initially developed for software development projects, the Scrum methodology can be applied to any type of project where there is a need for flexibility and agile responses to change.

At its core, the Scrum methodology is based on three pillars: transparency, inspection, and adaptation. These pillars help ensure that all team members are aware of the project's goals and objectives, that progress is constantly monitored, and that changes can be made quickly and efficiently. 

The Scrum framework also includes a set of roles and responsibilities (Scrum Master, Product Owner, Development Team) that help ensure every team member knows their part in making the project successful.

While the Scrum methodology can seem complex at first, it is a very straightforward system that can yield great results for complex projects. By using the power of transparency, inspection, and adaptation, the Scrum framework helps teams to deliver high-quality products on time and within budget.

What is Scrum

What makes up Scrum Methodology?

Scrum Team

The Scrum team comprises three roles: the Scrum Master, the Development Team, and the Product Owner. 

Scrum Master

The Scrum Master is the team leader responsible for ensuring that the team members are following the Scrum framework and helping them resolve any issues they may have.

The Scrum Master helps the team stay focused and on track by facilitating Scrum meetings, such as stand-ups, retrospectives, and Sprint planning. They also help to remove any impediments that may be blocking the team's progress. 

To be successful, it is important that the Scrum Master to have a good understanding of the Scrum framework and to communicate with all team members effectively.

Dev Team

The Dev Team is responsible for developing and maintaining the software that powers the company. In addition to writing code, they troubleshoot issues and work with other teams to ensure that the products are of the highest quality. 

Dev Team members are highly skilled experts with a profound understanding of how the software works. They are constantly looking for ways to improve products and make them more user-friendly. As a result, they play a vital role in ensuring that a company remains at the forefront of the software industry.

Product Owner

A Product Owner plays a key role in product development and management. The Product Owner is the individual responsible for representing the customer's needs, setting the vision for the product, and maximizing the product's value. 

The Product Owner works closely with the development team to ensure that the product meets the customer's needs and is delivered on time and within budget. The Product Owner is also responsible for communicating with stakeholders and managing expectations.

The Product Owner role is essential to the success of any product development effort. Product Owners are responsible for ensuring that the products they represent meet the needs of their customers and are delivered on time and within budget. They also play a vital role in communication, stakeholder management, and expectation setting. When done well, the Product Owner role can help to ensure that products are successful and meet the needs of all involved parties.

Scrum Processes

The Scrum process is an iterative and incremental approach to software development that organizes work around short, fixed-length iterations called Sprints. Sprint planning involves creating user stories, estimating and committing user stories, and creating tasks. 

During the Sprint, work focuses on completing the User Stories' tasks. At the end of the Sprint, a demo is held to showcase the finished work. The Scrum process also includes a daily stand-up meeting, during which each team member reports on their progress. 

In addition, Scrum teams typically use a backlog tool to track their progress. The backlog can be used to track User Stories, tasks, and Sprints.

Scrum Events

There are five Scum events, and they are;

Sprint Planning

Sprint Planning is an event that marks the beginning of each Sprint. During Sprint Planning, the Scrum team decides what User Stories from the product backlog they will commit to delivering during the Sprint. They also create a Sprint backlog, which lists all the tasks necessary to complete the User Stories. 

Daily Scrum

The Daily Scrum is a brief meeting that occurs daily during the Sprint. At this meeting, each Scrum team member reviews their progress from the previous day and plans their work for the next. The Daily Scrum helps the team stay on track and identify any impediments that need to be removed. 

Sprint Review

The Sprint review is held at the end of each Sprint to assess progress towards completing the product increment. This event is attended by members of the Scrum team and stakeholders. During the Sprint review, demo the increments and receive feedback that will be used to plan future Sprints. 

Sprint Retrospective

The Sprint retrospective is held after each Sprint review. This event is an opportunity for reflection, allowing members of the Scrum team to discuss what went well during the previous Sprint and identify areas for improvement moving forward. 

The output of this event is a list of actions that will be taken to improve performance in future Sprints.

The Sprint

A Sprint is a tool used by businesses to help them solve complex problems and make decisions quickly. It was developed by Google Ventures and has become popular in the startup world.

The Sprint involves bringing together a small team of people for five days, during which they focus on a specific problem. 

The team is given time to research the problem, generate ideas, and create prototypes. At the end of the Sprint, the team presents their solution to the rest of the company. Sprints are an effective way to solve problems quickly and make decisions efficiently. 

It allows businesses to move forward confidently, knowing that they have considered all the options and made the best possible choice.

Timeboxed Scrum Events

There are five types of Scrum timeboxed Scrum events, and these are:

Sprint Timebox

Sprint timeboxing is a popular project management technique that breaks down complex tasks into manageable chunks. The idea is to set a fixed amount of time for each task (usually 2–4 weeks), after which the team must move on to the next task regardless of whether the current one is completed. 

This approach helps to ensure that projects stay on schedule and that teams don't get bogged down with details. It also forces team members to focus on each task's most important aspects and make decisions quickly.

While Sprint timeboxing can be challenging, it can also be highly effective in helping teams finish projects on time and within budget.

Sprint Planning Timebox

A Sprint Planning timebox is a period during which a Scrum team plans to complete a Sprint. The Sprint Planning timebox has a maximum duration of four hours for a one-month Sprint. 

The Scrum Master ensures that the Sprint Planning timebox starts and stops on time. The Scrum Master also ensures that the Scrum team adheres to the agreed-upon processes and procedures during Sprint Planning.

Daily Scrum Timebox

The Daily Scrum is a timeboxed event for the Scrum team to synchronize activities and create a plan for the next 24 hours. This occurs every day of the Sprint. The Daily Scrum is 15 minutes long, and attended by all members of the Scrum Team.

The development team members explain what they did the previous day and what they will do today and identify any impediments to their work. 

Sprint Review Timebox

In a Scrum Sprint, the Sprint review is a time-boxed event that serves two purposes: to demonstrate what was completed during the Sprint, solicit feedback, and collaborate on what to do next. 

The review should be conducted at the end of the Sprint, and all team members should participate, including the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and developers. It typically lasts for one hour per week for the duration of the Sprint. 

During the review, team members demo their work and answer questions from stakeholders. They then discuss what went well during the Sprint, what didn't go well, and what can be improved for the next Sprint. 

Finally, they collaborate on what should be added to the product backlog for the next Sprint. 

Sprint Retrospective Timebox

The sprint retrospective timebox is a chance for the team to reflect on the previous Sprint, identify what went well and what could be improved, and plan how to improve in the next Sprint. This timebox typically lasts 1–2 hours and is conducted at the end of each Sprint. 

During the retrospective, the team should discuss what went well and what could be improved, and identify action items for the next Sprint.

What is the Difference Between Scrum and Agile?

There are a lot of different software development methodologies out there, and it can be tough to keep them straight. Two of the most popular are Scrum and Agile. 

Both are iterative and incremental approaches emphasizing collaboration, customer satisfaction, and continual improvement. However, there are some key distinctions between the two.

Scrum is a framework that provides a structure for project management, while Agile is more of a set of principles and values. One key difference is that in Scrum, a dedicated Scrum Master keeps the team focused and on track, whereas in Agile, no one person is in charge. 

Another difference is that Scrum teams typically have Daily stand-up meetings to assess progress and identify obstacles, while Agile teams may not have such formal meetings.

What Other Scrum Methodologies Are There?


The SAFe methodology is a systems engineering framework that can guide the development of complex systems. The framework is based on Lean and Agile software development principles, and it can be used to manage projects of all sizes. 


The LeSS methodology is a set of principles and practices for implementing Lean and Scrum. The LeSS framework is based on four core principles: customer focus, built-in quality, team self-organization, and simplicity. 

These principles are embodied in the LeSS practices, which include holding release planning sessions with the entire team, using storyboards to visualize workflows, and holding regular retrospectives to identify areas for improvement. 

Final Thoughts

The Scrum methodology is an effective way to manage projects and keep everyone on track. It can be used in various industries, from software development to marketing. If you’re looking for an efficient way to manage your next project, give scrum a try.

GoRetro is happy to provide information about various Scrum methodologies and how to implement them in your team and projects.

About the author

Ruth Hadari
Agile Advocate, Engineering Ops Expert

Highly experienced in leading multi-organizational teams, groups, in-shore as well as off-shore. The go-to person who is able to simplify the complex. An agile advocate, experienced in all common methodologies. Responsible for the entire software development lifecycle process from development, QA, DevOps, Automation to delivery including overall planning, direction, coordination, execution, implementation, control and completion. Drives execution, and communicates on status, risks, metrics, risk-mitigation and processes across R&D.

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