What is Three Amigos in Agile?

Ruth Hadari
Ruth Hadari
Agile Advocate, Engineering Ops Expert
Posted on
Jun 19, 2023
Updated on
Jun 19, 2023
Table of Content


In the world of Agile software development, collaboration is key. And one effective collaboration technique that has gained popularity is the concept of "Three Amigos." But what exactly does it mean? In this blog post, we'll explore the meaning of Three Amigos in Agile, its purpose, and some best practices for using it effectively.

What is Three Amigos in Agile?

Three Amigos is a collaborative approach used in Agile software development to ensure that user stories are well understood by the scrum team, product owner, and quality assurance (QA) representative. The term "Three Amigos" metaphorically represents the three key roles involved in this technique, emphasizing their equal importance in the process.

The Three Amigos typically consist of the following roles:

Business Representative: This individual, often a product owner or business analyst, brings the perspective of the end-users and stakeholders. They provide insights into the business requirements, priorities, and overall goals.

Development Representative: The developer, engineer, or any team member responsible for implementing the user stories, brings their technical expertise and knowledge to the table. They ensure the feasibility and practicality of the proposed solutions.

QA Representative: The quality assurance professional ensures that the user stories are testable and that the acceptance criteria are well-defined. They provide valuable input on potential edge cases, scenarios, and risks associated with the user stories.

What is Three Amigos used for?

The primary purpose of the Three Amigos technique is to foster shared understanding and collaboration among the key stakeholders involved in software development. By involving representatives from different perspectives, the team can gain a holistic understanding of the user stories and identify any potential gaps or risks early in the process.

The Three Amigos technique is particularly useful in:

Refining User Stories

During the Three Amigos meetings, the representatives from the business, development, and QA domains collaborate to review and refine user stories. By engaging in constructive discussions, they aim to ensure that the user stories are well-defined, concise, and aligned with the desired outcomes. This collaborative effort helps eliminate ambiguity and reduces the likelihood of misunderstandings or misinterpretations. By refining user stories together, the team can save time and effort that might have been wasted on developing solutions based on unclear or incomplete requirements.

For example, if a user story states, "As a customer, I want to search for products," the Three Amigos can discuss and add more details, such as search criteria, filters, and sorting options. This leads to a more comprehensive understanding of the user's needs and enables the team to deliver a more valuable and functional solution.

Enhancing Shared Knowledge

One of the key benefits of the Three Amigos technique is the opportunity to enhance shared knowledge among team members with different areas of expertise. During the meetings, the business representative shares insights into the business context, end-users' needs, and stakeholders' priorities. The development representative contributes their technical expertise, discussing the feasibility and practicality of proposed solutions. The QA representative provides valuable input on testability, acceptance criteria, and potential edge cases.

By sharing knowledge and perspectives, team members broaden their understanding of the problem domain and gain insights into the various challenges and constraints faced by each role. This shared knowledge leads to better decision-making and more effective solutions. It also strengthens the collaborative bond among team members, fostering a sense of camaraderie and shared responsibility.

Mitigating Risks

The Three Amigos technique is a proactive approach to risk mitigation. By bringing together representatives from different domains, the team can identify and address potential risks, dependencies, and constraints early in the development process. During the meetings, the Three Amigos discuss and analyze the user stories, evaluating their impact on the project and identifying any potential pitfalls.

For instance, the development representative may point out technical complexities or dependencies that could impact the delivery timeline. The QA representative can highlight potential edge cases or scenarios that need to be considered. The business representative may provide insights into critical business risks that should be mitigated. By addressing these risks upfront, the team can make informed decisions, adjust plans, and minimize the likelihood of surprises or setbacks down the road.

Best practices for using Three Amigos

To make the most out of the Three Amigos technique, consider the following best practices:

Early Involvement: Ensure that all Three Amigos are involved from the beginning of the user story creation process. By involving them early on, you can leverage their expertise to create well-crafted user stories.

Clear Roles and Responsibilities: Establish clear roles and responsibilities for each amigo to avoid overlap and confusion. Define the expectations and contributions of each role to foster effective collaboration.

Use Split User Stories Techniques: Consider breaking down complex user stories into smaller, manageable pieces. This enables a more focused discussion during Three Amigos meetings and allows for better estimation and planning.

Encourage Open Communication: Create an environment where all Three Amigos feel comfortable sharing their ideas, concerns, and perspectives. Encourage open and honest discussions, enabling constructive feedback and fostering a shared sense of responsibility.


The Three Amigos technique is a powerful approach in Agile software development that promotes collaboration, shared understanding, and early risk mitigation. By involving representatives from the business, development, and QA domains, teams can refine user stories, enhance shared knowledge, and deliver better software.

About the author

Ruth Hadari
Agile Advocate, Engineering Ops Expert

Highly experienced in leading multi-organizational teams, groups, in-shore as well as off-shore. The go-to person who is able to simplify the complex. An agile advocate, experienced in all common methodologies. Responsible for the entire software development lifecycle process from development, QA, DevOps, Automation to delivery including overall planning, direction, coordination, execution, implementation, control and completion. Drives execution, and communicates on status, risks, metrics, risk-mitigation and processes across R&D.

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